How to Recognise Bed Bugs?
Knowing how to recognise bed bugs is the first stage in the control of bed bugs.
Adult bed bugs resemble the colour and shape of an apple seed. They can be smaller if immature, or if they have not recently fed.
Typical signs of infestation are spots of blood on mattresses, droppings, eggs, cast skins, and of course bites on the occupants. Bites most frequently occur at the end of limbs such as fore arms and tend to occur in a row. However, different people can all react differently. For this reason, bites alone are not sufficient to confirm bed bug activity. A thorough visual inspection of infrequently disturbed places near beds or couches will be necessary. Such places could be bedside drawer runners, picture frames, behind peeling wall paper, etc.
Where to Find Bed Bugs?
They can be found anywhere in a room or property. Studies have shown that individual bed bugs will migrate around a multi room premises. More over, they will need to frequent a food source. This will be human blood, at a place where a human spends long periods if time. This could be an office chair, wheelchair, bed, television couch, etc. Your pest control provider will explain the extent of infestation after the initial survey.
Public transport such as trains and aeroplanes are a common source of infestation. Some pest control companies offer specialist aeroplane fumigation services.
How do Bed Bugs Live?
A female lays 1-5 eggs per day, depending in feed source and environmental conditions. This leads to around 500 within a life span.
The length of time from egg, through various moultings, to arriving at adult form depends on factors such as temperature and food availability. It is typically from a few weeks to a few months. Eggs hatch at above 13 degrees centigrade.
Young bed bugs need the droppings of adult bed bugs to develop their digestive enzymes necessary to become viable adults. They can then generally feed on many types of mammal blood. Bed bugs are not known to transmit disease.
From the biological point of view, the female bed bug undergoes a violent insemination process from the male. This causes the fertilised female to try to spread away from the established colony. The problem is then made larger as new colonies spread.
Bed Bug Control
Bed bugs can be the most complex of pests to deal with. Pegasus Pest Control will provide a free survey of the premises for you.
Thorough examination by a qualified pest controller is key to effective clearance. While good access to the affected premises is helpful, the occupiers should avoid moving items around. This is because bed bugs can be spread further around the premised in infested items.
You may be advised to wash all clothing and bedding at a high temperature. Alternatively items can be put through a tumble drier at a high temperature. laundered items should only be returned to the premises once the eradication process has been completed. In multiple occupancy properties, such as hotels and guest houses, the pest controller may ask for access to the neighbouring rooms, as a heavy infestation might have spread. This could typically include the laundry room.
Treatment will only be practical through a professional pest controller, as a number of insecticide products and strategies will be needed to overcome a bed bug infestation.